Administration and management skills needed by physical therapist graduates in 2010: A national survey

D. Sue Schafer, Rosalie B. Lopopolo, Kathleen A. Luedtke-Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Administration and management (A&M) skills are essential to physical therapist practice. This study identified which A&M skills will be most critical for future Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) graduates to possess upon entry into clinical practice. Subjects and Methods: Using a 7-point scale, 435 randomly selected American Physical Therapy Association members (physical therapists) rated 121 A&M skills based on expectation of the level of independence required by a new DPT graduate. Results: No differences among respondents based on role, work setting, or experience were found, so the data were combined for factor analyses, producing 16 A&M skill groups. The most independence was expected in skills related to self-management, compli-ance with rules, ethical behavior, and insurance coding. Skills requiring the most assistance were marketing and strategic planning, financial analysis and budgeting, and environmental assessment. Discussion and Conclusion: This study has identified the level of independence for the A&M skills needed by new DPT graduates, provided empirical evidence suggesting which A&M skills should be included in DPT curricula, and suggested a pattern of A&M skill acquisition that applies first to the new therapist and the patient, then to the organization, and finally to the health care environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-281
Number of pages21
JournalPhysical Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2007


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