Adipose stromal cells repair pressure ulcers in both young and elderly mice: Potential role of adipogenesis in skin repair

Amy L. Strong, Annie C. Bowles, Connor P. Maccrimmon, Trivia P. Frazier, Stephen J. Lee, Xiying Wu, Adam J. Katz, Barbara Gawronska-Kozak, Bruce A. Bunnell, Jeffrey M. Gimble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

More than 2.5 million patients in the U.S. require treatment for pressure ulcers annually, and the elderly are at particularly high risk for pressure ulcer development. Current therapy for pressure ulcers consists of conservative medical management for shallow lesions and aggressive debridement and surgery for deeper lesions. The current study uses a murine model to address the hypothesis that adipose-derived stromal/stem cell (ASC) treatment would accelerate and enhance pressure ulcer repair. The dorsal skin of both young (2 months old [mo]) and old (20 mo) C57BL/6J female mice was sandwiched between external magnets for 12 hours over 2 consecutive days to initiate a pressure ulcer. One day following the induction, mice were injected with ASCs isolated from congenic mice transgenic for the green fluorescent protein under a ubiquitous promoter. Relative to phosphate-buffered saline-treated controls, ASC-treated mice displayed a cell concentration-dependent acceleration of wound closure, improved epidermal/dermal architecture, increased adipogenesis, and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration. The ASC-induced improvements occurred in both young and elderly recipients, although the expression profileof angiogenic, immunomodulatory, and reparative mRNAs differed as a function of age. The results are consistent with clinical reports that fat grafting improved skin architecture in thermal injuries; the authors of this published study have invoked ASC-based mechanisms to account for their clinical outcomes. Thus, the current proof-of-principle study sets the stage for clinical translation of autologous and/or allogeneic ASC treatment of pressure ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-642
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Adipose
  • Adult stem cells
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Stem cells
  • Stromal cells
  • Wound healing

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    Strong, A. L., Bowles, A. C., Maccrimmon, C. P., Frazier, T. P., Lee, S. J., Wu, X., Katz, A. J., Gawronska-Kozak, B., Bunnell, B. A., & Gimble, J. M. (2015). Adipose stromal cells repair pressure ulcers in both young and elderly mice: Potential role of adipogenesis in skin repair. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, 4(6), 632-642. https://doi.org/10.5966/sctm.2014-0235