Acidity and Acid-Sensing Ion Channels in the Normal and Alzheimer's Disease Brain

Eric B. Gonzales, Nathalie Sumien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease prevalence has reached epidemic proportion with very few treatment options, which are associated with a multitude of side effects. A potential avenue of research for new therapies are protons, and their associated receptor: acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC). Protons are often overlooked neurotransmitters, and proton-gated currents have been identified in the brain. Furthermore, ASICs have been determined to be crucial for proper brain function. While there is more work to be done, this review is intended to highlight protons as neurotransmitters and their role along with the role of ASICs within physiological functioning of the brain. We will also cover the pathophysiological associations between ASICs and modulators of ASICs. Finally, this review will sum up how the studies of protons, ASICs and their modulators may generate new therapeutic molecules for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1144
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • ASIC
  • Acid-sensing ion channels
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • acidity
  • cognitive function
  • pH
  • protons

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