Access to services, quality of care, and family impact for children with autism, other developmental disabilities, and other mental health conditions

Rini Vohra, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi, Claire St Peter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined perceived access to services, quality of care, and family impact reported by caregivers of children aged 3-17 years with autism spectrum disorders, as compared to caregivers of children with other developmental disabilities and other mental health conditions. The 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs was utilized to examine the association between child's special needs condition and three outcomes (N = 18,136): access to services (difficulty using services, difficulty getting referrals, lack of source of care, and inadequate insurance coverage), quality of care (lack of care coordination, lack of shared decision making, and no routine screening), and family impact (financial, employment, and time-related burden). Multivariate logistic regressions were performed to compare caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders to caregivers of children with developmental disabilities (cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, developmental delay, or intellectual disability), mental health conditions (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, behavioral/conduct problems, or depression), or both developmental disabilities and mental health conditions. Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders were significantly more likely to report difficulty using services, lack of source of care, inadequate insurance coverage, lack of shared decision making and care coordination, and adverse family impact as compared to caregivers of children with developmental disabilities, mental health conditions, or both.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-826
Number of pages12
JournalAutism
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Access to services
  • autism
  • autism spectrum disorder health care
  • burden of autism
  • developmental disabilities
  • family impact
  • mental health condition
  • quality of care

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