Ablation of Neurogenesis Attenuates Recovery of Motor Function after Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Middle-Aged Mice

Fen Sun, Xiaomei Wang, Xiao Ou Mao, Lin Xie, Kunlin Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Depletion of neurogenesis worsens functional outcome in young-adult mice after focal cerebral ischemia, but whether a similar effect occurs in older mice is unknown. Using middle-aged (12-month-old) transgenic (DCX-TK(+)) mice that express herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) under control of the doublecortin (DCX) promoter, we conditionally depleted DCX-positive cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and hippocampus by treatment with ganciclovir (GCV) for 14 days. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) or occlusion of the distal segment of middle cerebral artery (dMCAO) on day 14 of vehicle or GCV treatment and mice were killed 24 hr or 12 weeks later. Increased infarct volume or brain atrophy was found in GCV- compared to vehicle-treated middle-aged DCX-TK(+) mice, both 24 hr after MCAO and 12 weeks after dMCAO. More severe motor deficits were also observed in GCV-treated, middle-aged DCX-TK(+) transgenic mice at both time points. Our results indicate that ischemia-induced newborn neurons contribute to anatomical and functional outcome after experimental stroke in middle-aged mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere46326
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Oct 2012

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middle-aged adults
Ganciclovir
neurogenesis
Neurogenesis
Recovery of Function
ischemia
Ablation
Brain Ischemia
Recovery
mice
Thymidine Kinase
arteries
Viruses
Neurons
Brain
genetically modified organisms
Lateral Ventricles
thymidine kinase
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Cells

Cite this

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Ablation of Neurogenesis Attenuates Recovery of Motor Function after Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Middle-Aged Mice. / Sun, Fen; Wang, Xiaomei; Mao, Xiao Ou; Xie, Lin; Jin, Kunlin.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 10, e46326, 26.10.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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