Ablation of GSDMD Improves Outcome of Ischemic Stroke Through Blocking Canonical and Non-canonical Inflammasomes Dependent Pyroptosis in Microglia

Kankai Wang, Zhezhe Sun, Junnan Ru, Simin Wang, Lijie Huang, Linhui Ruan, Xiao Lin, Kunlin Jin, Qichuan Zhuge, Su Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a significant cause of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Recent evidence has proved that pyroptosis, a novel cell death form, contributes to inflammation-induced neuron death and neurological function impairment following ischemic stroke. Gasdermin D (GSDMD) is a newly discovered key molecule of cell pyroptosis, but its biological function and precise role in ischemic stroke are still unclear. The present study investigates the cleavage activity of GSDMD, localization of pyroptotic cells, and global neuroinflammation in gsdmd−/− mice after I/R. The level of cell pyroptosis around the infarcted area was significantly increased in the acute phase of cerebral I/R injury. The ablation of GSDMD reduced the infraction volume and improved neurological function against cerebral I/R injury. Furthermore, we confirmed I/R injury induced cell pyroptosis mainly in microglia. Knockdown of GSDMD effectively inhibited the secretion of mature IL-1β and IL-18 from microglia cells but did not affect the expression of caspase-1/11 in vitro and in vivo. In summary, blocking GSDMD expression might serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number577927
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • gasdermin D
  • ischemia/reperfusion injury
  • microglia
  • neuroinflammation
  • neurological outcome
  • pyroptosis

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