A test of the perceived norms model to explain drinking patterns among university student athletes

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Abstract

The author tested the ability of perceived drinking norms to discriminate among drinking patterns in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student athletes. He used an anonymous questionnaire to assess 297 athletes, representing 18 teams, at a public university in the Midwest. Alcohol use patterns showed considerable variation, with many athletes (37.1%) abstaining during their season of competition. A discriminant function analysis revealed that higher levels of alcohol involvement are disproportionately found among athletes who began drinking regularly at an early age. Perceived drinking norms were less important in the discrimination of student athlete drinker groups. Women and those with higher grade point averages were somewhat more likely to refrain from in-season drinking than other survey respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College Health Association
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2000

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Drinking norms
  • Onset of drinking
  • Student athletes

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