A single angiotensin Ii hypertensive stimulus is associated with prolonged neuronal and immune system activation in Wistar-Kyoto rats

Jasenka Zubcevic, Monica M. Santisteban, Pablo D. Perez, Rebeca Arocha, Helmut Hiller, Wendi L. Malphurs, Luis M. Colon-Perez, Ravindra K. Sharma, Annette de Kloet, Eric G. Krause, Marcelo Febo, Mohan K. Raizada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of autonomic neural pathways by chronic hypertensive stimuli plays a significant role in pathogenesis of hypertension. Here, we proposed that even a single acute hypertensive stimulus will activate neural and immune pathways that may be important in initiation of memory imprinting seen in chronic hypertension. We investigated the effects of acute angiotensin II (Ang II) administration on blood pressure, neural activation in cardioregulatory brain regions, and central and systemic immune responses, at 1 and 24 h post-injection. Administration of a single bolus intra-peritoneal (I.P.) injection of Ang II (36 µg/kg) resulted in a transient increase in the mean arterial pressure (MAP) (by 22 ± 4 mmHg vs saline), which returned to baseline within 1 h. However, in contrast to MAP, neuronal activity, as measured by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance (MEMRI), remained elevated in several cardioregulatory brain regions over 24 h. The increase was predominant in autonomic regions, such as the subfornical organ (SFO; ∼20%), paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN; ∼20%) and rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM; ∼900%), among others. Similarly, systemic and central immune responses, as evidenced by circulating levels of CD4+ /IL17+ T cells, and increased IL17 levels and activation of microglia in the PVN, respectively, remained elevated at 24 h following Ang II challenge. Elevated Fos expression in the PVN was also present at 24 h (by 73 ± 11%) following Ang II compared to control saline injections, confirming persistent activation of PVN. Thus, even a single Ang II hypertensive stimulus will initiate changes in neuronal and immune cells that play a role in the developing hypertensive phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Article number592
Pages (from-to)592
Number of pages1
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume8
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • ANS
  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Inflammation mediators
  • MRI

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