A meta-analysis of the association between the presence of Helicobacter pylori and periodontal diseases

Zheng Chen, Jiarong Cai, Yi Ming Chen, Jiaming Wei, Hui Biao Li, Yeming Lu, Zhengyang Zhou, Xin Lin Chen

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the association between the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and periodontal disease (PD). METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched to identify eligible articles published from inception up to April 2018. Further articles were retrieved through a manual search of recent reviews. Cross-sectional studies, case-control studies and cohort studies reporting the association between H pylori and PD were included. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Four case-control studies and nine cross-sectional studies were included. A total of 6800 patients were included in this review. The odds for oral H pylori positivity was 2.31 times (95% CI: 1.99-2.68) greater than those without H pylori. Subgroup analyses involving different study locations, designs, and types of study population showed the similar results. The pooled OR for the gastric disease patients was the largest (3.50, 95% CI: 2.22-5.53, five articles). Stomach H pylori was also significantly associated with PD, with OR 2.90 (95% CI: 1.37-6.14, two articles). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis supports an association between H pylori and PD. More well-designed studies, especially prospective cohort studies are necessary to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e15922
JournalMedicine
Volume98
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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Chen, Z., Cai, J., Chen, Y. M., Wei, J., Li, H. B., Lu, Y., ... Chen, X. L. (2019). A meta-analysis of the association between the presence of Helicobacter pylori and periodontal diseases. Medicine, 98(22), e15922. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015922