A FRET-based sensor reveals large ATP hydrolysis-induced conformational changes and three distinct states of the molecular motor myosin

William M. Shih, Zygmunt Gryczynski, Joseph R. Lakowicz, James A. Spudich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Scopus citations


The molecular motor myosin is proposed to bind to actin and swing its light-chain binding region through a large angle to produce an ~10 nm step in motion coupled to changes in the nucleotide state at the active site. To date, however, direct dynamic measurements have largely failed to show changes of that magnitude. Here, we use a cysteine engineering approach to create a high resolution, FRET-based sensor that reports a large, ~70 degree nucleotide-dependent angle change of the light-chain binding region. The combination of steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer measurements unexpectedly reveals two distinct prestroke states. The measurements also show that bound Mg.ADP.P(i), and not bound Mg.ATP, induces the myosin to adopt the prestroke states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-694
Number of pages12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2000


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