A cluster analytic study of osteoprotective behavior in undergraduates

Katherine Sharp, Dennis L. Thombs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To derive an empirical taxonomy of osteoprotective stages using the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) and to identify the predisposing factors associated with each stage. Methods: An anonymous survey was completed by 504 undergraduates at a Midwestern public university. Results: Cluster analytic findings indicate that only 2 osteoprotective stages exist in young adults: less engaged and engaged. These two groups were best distinguished by health motivation, sex, a perceived barrier to exercise, and exercise self-efficacy. Conclusion: Fine-grained stages of osteoprotective behavior are not apparent in young adults, suggesting that the PAPM may not be useful for explaining the adoption of osteoporosis precautions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-372
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Bone health
  • Cluster analysis
  • College students
  • Osteoporosis
  • Precaution adoption process model


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