In a population-based case-control study of 832 incident endometrial cancer cases and 846 frequency-matched controls among Chinese women in Shanghai, using a validated food-frequency questionnaire, dietary habits were estimated by in-person interviews. Total vegetable consumption was inversely associated with endometrial cancer risk (highest quartile vs lowest: OR = 0.69, 95% CI 0,50-0.96). The risk was reduced with increasing intake of dark green/dark yellow vegetables (trend test, P = 0.02), fresh legumes (trend test, P < 0.01), and allium vegetables (trend test, P = 0.04). Fruit consumption was unrelated to risk. These results suggest that high consumption of certain vegetables may reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Endometrial cancer