A blood screening tool for detecting mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease among community-dwelling Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic Whites: A method for increasing representation of diverse populations in clinical research

for the HABLE Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Representation of Mexican Americans in Alzheimer's disease (AD) clinical research has been extremely poor. Methods: Data were examined from the ongoing community-based, multi-ethnic Health & Aging Brain among Latino Elders (HABLE) study. Participants underwent functional exams, clinical labs, neuropsychological testing, and 3T magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Fasting proteomic markers were examined for predicting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD using support vector machine models. Results: Data were examined from n = 1649 participants (Mexican American n = 866; non-Hispanic White n = 783). Proteomic profiles were highly accurate in detecting MCI (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.91) and dementia (AUC = 0.95). The proteomic profiles varied significantly between ethnic groups and disease state. Negative predictive value was excellent for ruling out MCI and dementia across ethnic groups. Discussion: A blood-based screening tool can serve as a method for increasing access to state-of-the-art AD clinical research by bridging between community-based and clinic-based settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Hispanic
  • Mexican American
  • diversity
  • inclusion
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • screening tool

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